When it comes to treating cancer, there is no 'one-size-fits-all' approach. Treatment options depend on the characteristics of your cancer and your overall condition. Even patients with the same type of cancer can respond differently to identical treatments. By assessing your individual needs, your doctor may recommend one or two therapies to most effectively treat your cancer, so you can get back to living life to the fullest.
The following are the most common ways to defeat cancer on your path to recovery:
Most people with cancer will undergo some form of surgery. Surgery may be used to diagnose, treat and even prevent cancer. When diagnosing cancer, a physician typically performs a biopsy, or extracts a sample of tissue from the suspicious area, to determine if it's cancer or not. A biopsy can be performed on an outpatient basis. When surgery is used for treatment, the cancer and some of the adjacent tissue are usually removed. Surgery can also be helpful in collecting information to predict whether or not the cancer will come back.
Learn more about surgery options at Northside.
Chemotherapy involves the use of medicine to treat cancer. More than half of all people diagnosed with cancer receive chemotherapy. The thought of having chemotherapy may be frightening, but for millions of people, this approach is effective and gets them back to enjoying full, productive lives. Many side effects once associated with chemotherapy can now be prevented or controlled, allowing people to go on with their normal activities during treatment. Chemotherapy may be administered intravenously, injected into a body cavity, or delivered orally in the form of a pill.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to damage or kill cancer cells. Like surgery, radiation therapy is a localized treatment used to eradicate cancerous tissue. It may be externally or internally delivered. Radiation may be used alone, or in conjunction with other types of cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy and surgery.
Learn more about radiation oncology at Northside.
When cancer arises in areas of the body such as the breast or prostate tissue, its growth may be caused by hormones. Hormones stimulate the growth of hormone sensitive tissues, and therefore, drugs that block or change the way hormones work, can fight some cancers. Removal of organs that secrete hormones, such as the ovaries or testicles, may also prove as effective treatment for hormone-stimulated cancers.
Targeted therapies are designed to only treat the cancer cells, and therefore, minimize damage to normal, healthy cells. In order to become cancer cells, healthy cells must go through a process called carcinogenosis. Targeted therapy disrupts this process and the cellular changes necessary for development and growth.
Biological therapy, also called immunotherapy, uses the body’s immune system to treat cancer. Unlike chemotherapy, radiation, or targeted therapy that fights cancer cells directly, biological therapy helps the immune system to fight cancer cells.
Alpharetta Cancer Center
3400 Old Milton Parkway
Alpharetta, GA 30009
Phone: (770) 751-0521 Fax: (678) 566-1611
Northside - Atlanta Cancer
1000 Johnson Ferry Road
Atlanta, GA 30342
Phone: (404) 851-8850 Fax: (404) 851-6010
Medical Tower at Northside
5670 Peachtree Rd. Suite 1150
Atlanta, GA (404) 851-6073
Northside Hospital – Cherokee
201 Hospital Road
Canton, GA 30114
Phone: (770) 720-5100
Cherokee Cancer Center
1200 Oakside Drive
Canton, GA 30114
Phone: (770) 479-1761 Fax: (770) 720-4480
Hospital – Forsyth
1200 Northside Forsyth Drive
Cumming, GA 30041
Phone: (770) 844-3200
Forsyth Cancer Center
1100 Northside Forsyth Dr.,
Cumming, GA 30041
Phone: (770) 292-7000 Fax: (770) 292-7002