Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
Improve your nutrition if it is poor.
Avoid gum irritants such as commercial mouthwashes, alcohol, and tobacco. Change your toothpaste brand and avoid using mouthwashes if your swollen gums are caused by sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash.
Brush and floss your teeth regularly. See a periodontist or dentist at least every 6 months.
If your swollen gums are caused by a reaction to a drug, talk to your doctor about using a different type of medication. Never change medications without first talking to your doctor.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if you have any changes to your gums that last longer than 2 weeks.
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
The dentist will examine your mouth, teeth, and gums. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms, such as:
The patient will be taught proper mouth and gum care.
Paul Fotek, DMD, Florida Institute for Periodontics & Dental lmplants, West Palm Beach, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.