Venous disease refers to all conditions related to or causes by abnormal or diseased veins. It usually affects the legs. Over time, vein walls can become weakened and stretched, causing the veins to bulge out and twist.Eventually the veins may become unable to pump enough blood back to the heart, causing blood to pool in the legs. Varicose and spider veins are the most common early signs of vein disease, and affects as many as 1 in 3 women. Many women tend to think of varicose veins as only a cosmetic problem, but they may be a sign of serious vein disease that will get worse over time without proper treatment.
Venous disease may cause no symptoms and many patients may decide to remove spider or varicose veins decide simply because of cosmetic reasons. However, left untreated, varicose veins can worsen and product swelling, pain or ulcers on the legs that make walking and performing simple everyday activities very difficult. It is estimated that 2.5 million people in the United States have CVI and that 20% of these people will develop ulcers caused by left vein disease.
Another type of serious venous disease is deep vein thrombosis, or clotting of the deeper veins. Blook clots form may result from an injury, blood-clotting condition, or prolonged inactivity ( such as a long airplane ride or bed ret). If it breaks loose, there is a chance that the blood clot could travel to the lung and cause a pulmonary embolism. This can be fatal and may cause "pulling" sensation in the calf, pain, warmth, redness and swelling. Other times, symptoms may go completely unnoticed.
For those with mild venous disease, basic lifestyle changes like graduated compression stockings may be enough to control your symptoms. however, surgical procedures may be necessary to prevent serious complications if you have :
Severe varicose veins
Disease in the deep veins of the legs
Most procedures involve injections or surgery to seal off and close the diseased vein or remove it altogether. This prevents blood from flowing backwards and pooling in the legs. Over time, your body will turn the closed vein into scar tissue and nearby veins take over the blood flow. in rare cases, you may have a procedure to open a blocked vein that is preventing blood from flowing back to the heart or to repair damaged valves in the veins.